In some parts of Australia, wine is not just a beverage; it is a way of life. The best place to find such attitude towards wine is in the Barossa Valley of South Australia. It is one of the many tourist destinations in South Australia that specializes in wine, and to most citizens in this region, it is where they get their livelihood.
The Barossa Valley has approximately 13, 265 hectares of land dedicated solely to the creation of vineyards. It is an essential component in the creation of wine, and it had different variations. Included in these are Grenache, Cabernet Sauvignon, Mataro, Riesling, and Semillion. Such variety can be attributed to the two kinds of soil that is present in their land – brown, loamy sandy to clay loam and sandy light-brownish gray to dark gray brown soils. However, studies are still being continued to identify other kinds of soil available in the region.
The region of Barossa Valley is also home to the oldest techniques in relation to the production of wine. As proof, they were able to create a classification system regarding the vines. These classifications included: Barossa Old Vine, Barossa Survivor Vine, Barossa Centenarian Vine, and Barossa Ancestor Vine.
The Old Vine was at least 35 years old. These are the ones which presently produces the best wines. This can be linked to a root and trunk structure which promoted a diversification of flavors. The flavors it produces are distinct only at Barossa.
The Survivor vines on the other hand had lived for at least 70 years. It is the testament of the Barossa Valley’s culture and commitment to the production of wines.
The resiliency of Barossa’s wine industry can be felt through their Centenarian Vine. These are vines that are at least 100 years old. These are the ones that survived dry farming, and low phylloxera levels. The latter allows the vines to grow thick and gnarly, which is its natural structure.
The Ancestor vines on the other hand are the earliest among all vines in the Barossa Valley. They are living proof of British settling, and these are the ones which were accustomed to dry farming. As a result, it produced low amount of wine yet the flavor are the richest.
The Barossa Valley offers the oldest in wine culture present in Australia. That is why if you are interested in learning and feeling the history of wine culture in Australia, you know where to find it.
23 Sep 2013